股票开户远证券特别推荐第五期:二珠钱

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中国古代钱币萌芽于夏代,最初以贝币作为交换单位,起源于殷商,发展于东周,统一于赢秦,历经了四千多年的漫长历史,创造了七十多项世界之最。

股票开户远证券ancient C股票开户远证券hinese coins sp股票开户远证券routed in the Xia Dynasty. They originally took Bei coins as exchange units, originated in the Shang Dynasty, developed in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, and unified in 股票开户远证券股票开户远证券winning the Qin Dynasty. After a long history of more than 4,000 years, they have created more than 70 world records.

【藏品名称】:二株钱

[Name of Collection]: Two Yuan

汉武帝于元鼎四年(前113年) 下令禁止郡国铸钱,把各地私铸的钱币运到京师销毁,将铸币大权收归中央。中央政府成立专门的铸币机构,即由水衡都尉的属官 (钟官、辨铜、技巧三官) 负责铸钱。钟官负责铸造,辨铜负责审查铜的质量成色,技巧负责刻范。面文“二铢”二字的钱最初铸于汉武帝元狩五年 (公元前118年),重如其文,被称为二铢钱。

In the first 113 years of Yuan Ding, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty ordered the state to ban the minting of coins, to transport privately minted coins from all over the country to the capital for destruction, and to restore the minting power to the central government. The central government has set up a special minting organization, that is, the subordinate officers of Commander Shuiheng (Zhong Guan, Tong Bian, and Skill) are responsible for minting money. Zhong Guan is in charge of casting, copper discrimination is in charge of examining the quality and fineness of copper, and skill is in charge of carving patterns. The Chinese character "two baht" was originally coined in the first five years of Emperor Hanwu's Yuan Shou (118 BC), which is as important as the Chinese character, and is called two baht.

二铢钱是秦汉货币史上的一大转折,实现了中央对货币铸造权的集中统一。西汉时期的二铢钱,枚重二铢,形制规整,重量标准,铸造精良。王莽篡汉以后,改国号为新朝,王莽颁布一系列改变币制的法令,禁二铢,行新钱,先后规定的货币三十余种,其形式模仿周制,等级庞杂,使用不便,不足值的大额货币泛滥,苛法强制推行,导致经济的极大混乱,不久即告失败。由于王莽禁汉,导致大量的二铢被集中销毁,王莽下令,凡使用二铢或收藏二铢的,重则极刑轻则鞭刑,一度盛行的二铢钱,遭到了毁灭性的打击。

Two baht money was a major turning point in the monetary history of Qin and Han dynasties, realizing the centralized unification of the central government's power to cast money. The Western Han Dynasty had two baht coins, each weighing two baht, with regular shape, standard weight and excellent casting. Following Wang Mang's usurpation of the Han Dynasty, he changed his country's title to New Korea. Wang Mang issued a series of decrees to change the currency system, banning 2 baht and making new money. He successively stipulated more than 30 kinds of currencies. The forms of currencies were modeled on the Zhou system. The grades were numerous and jumbled, the use was inconvenient, and large sums of money of insufficient value were in flood. The imposition of draconian laws led to great economic chaos, which soon collapsed. Due to Wang Mang's ban on Han, a large amount of 2 baht was destroyed. Wang Mang ordered that anyone who used 2 baht or collected 2 baht to be severely punished or flogged lightly. The once popular 2 baht was dealt a devastating blow.

东汉建武十六年,光武帝刘秀重新推行为王莽改制所一度中断的二铢钱制,对社会经济的恢复起到积极的作用。三国两晋南北朝隋唐五代十国时期,是中国货币发展史上的一个重要转变期,隋代在全国范围内推行统一标准的二铢钱,同时严禁私铸及其他旧币使用。至开皇五年隋二铢便成为国内统一的法定货币。

In the 16th year of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Emperor Guangwu Liu Xiu reintroduced the two-baht system that was once interrupted by Wang Mang's restructuring, which played a positive role in the recovery of social economy. The Three Kingdoms, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Sui, Tang, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period is an important transition period in the history of Chinese currency development. The Sui Dynasty introduced a unified standard of 2 baht across the country, while banning private casting and other old coins. The Sui 2 baht became the unified legal tender in the country five years after the emperor was inaugurated.

此币外圆内圆,象征着天地乾坤。正面书有“两铢”二篆字,字体修长秀丽,风格一致,上下与两横笔交接处略向内收。“铢”字“金”头有如箭镞形。其面郭较宽,形制整齐,肉面光洁,钱内外郭略高于钱肉,薄厚一致。此币印制规整,钱型厚重,品相完整,文字美观大方,锈色自然流畅,古朴大气。整体打铸深峻,轻重适宜,铸工精细,字文凸起,边棱料宽,外郭稍阔,铜色浑厚匀称,内外郭宽窄均匀,规矩整齐,极具收藏价值。

This coin has an outer circle and an inner circle, symbolizing heaven and earth. The front book has "two baht" and two seal characters, with slender and beautiful fonts and consistent style. The upper and lower parts are slightly closed inward at the junction of the two horizontal pens. The head of the word "baht" and "gold" is like an arrow. The noodles are wide, neat in shape and smooth in meat. The inside and outside of Qian Guo are slightly higher than that of Qian Rou, with the same thickness. This coin has regular printing, heavy money type, complete appearance, beautiful and elegant writing, natural and smooth rust color, and simple and unsophisticated atmosphere. The overall casting depth is high, the weight is appropriate, the casting workers are fine, the characters are raised, the edge material is wide, the outer wall is slightly wide, the copper color is vigorous and symmetrical, the inner and outer walls are uniform in width, the rules are neat, and it has great collection value.

古钱币虽小,其身上却印着丰富的历史足迹。如今遗传在世的精品古钱币虽然并不多,但是每枚精品古币价值却是不菲。古钱币的价格是由存世量、艺术价值和历史价值判断的,而且随着市场供需关系的变化而产生不同程度的波动。

Although the ancient coins are small, they are printed with rich historical footprints. Although there are not many fine ancient coins inherited in the world today, the value of each fine ancient coin is quite high. The price of ancient coins is determined by the amount of money in existence, artistic value and historical value, and fluctuates to varying degrees with the changes in the relationship between supply and demand in the market.



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